In one of the most primeval places on Earth, Arctic region, scientists have discovered a “Superbug” gene. Soil samples from Svalbard, a Norwegian Archipelago which lies between mainland Norway and the north pole, have now confirmed the presence of NDM-1 (New Delhi Metallo Beta Lactamase)
As the name suggests this multi drug resistant MDR was first detected in the Indian capital New Delhi over a decade back. A medical team first found the gene in a Swedish patient of Indian origin who had travelled to India in 2008.
By 2015, this superbug was widespread in India and medical experts detected its presence in more than 70 countries worldwide.
The NDM-1 (New Delhi Metallo Beta Lactamase) protein has the potential to change the characteristics of Bacteria and makes the Bacteria resistant to antibiotics.
This can lead to a range of conditions such as urinary tract infection, bloodstream or wound infection and pneumonia.
According to scientists and medical experts, overuse and misuse of antibiotics is one of the main for the creation of drug resistant bacteria.
The World Health organization is concerned the NDM-1 could be the doomsday scenario of a world without antibiotics.
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